Robert A. Whitebird, Sr., former dancer" provides insight into costume
Quapaw tribal and spiritual leader, and and style of Quapaw Pow-wow
Walter King will head the delegates of participants, and the smelters, of course,
that nation to the Bicentennial represent the royalties received from
Celebration July 4 at Arkansas Post. A zinc and lead. Reverse of the medal
recent book authored by University of depicts the Quapaw Cession of
Arkansas history professor W. David 1818. Legend says that the Indian sits
Baird and titled "The Quapaw People" on a box containing the money the U.S.
was dedicated to Whitebird, one of five was supposed to have paid for the
remaining fullblood Quapaws Quapaw lands in Arkansas by that
descended from among the estimated compact: four thousand dollars in
6,000 members of the tribe living on the manufactured goods and the promise of
lower Arkansas River when the white a one thousand dollar annual annuity in
man came to the area. Dispossessed of exchange for twenty-eight million acres.
their homeland and eventually resettled An even more ignominious treaty in
in the scrub-oak hills of northeastern 1825 saw the Downstream People
Oklahoma, the tribe, or at least some of banished to Louisiana, against the
its members, unexpectedly struck it rich wishes, it turned out, of the Caddo
when zinc and lead were discovered Indians. The Quapaws, after starvation
there. Baird's limited edition history, and travail over the next century,
published by the Indian Tribal Series, ultimately wound up at their present
Phoenix, Ariz., was issued to home in northeastern Oklahoma.
commemorate issuance of the official Designer of the medallion is noted
Quapaw medal on March 15, 1975. The American artist Charles Banks Wilson,
medal, pictured at right (top), on its reported to have painted more native
obverse bears a likeness of Benjamin Americans from life than any other
Quapaw, one of the tribe's wealthiest living artists—members of more than
members in the 1920s. The 'fancy 150 tribal groups.