Stuart Peyton Cromer, Ph.D., M.D. (b.1893-d.1974) was Dean of the University of Arkansas School of Medicine (now UAMS) in Little Rock from 1939 to June 1941. Although Dr. Cromer only served as Dean for two years, he initiated many programs and policies to modernize the medical school. A native of Ohio, Dr. Cromer was hired by U of A President Futrall (with the approval of Gov. Bailey) to address the medical school's chronic accreditation difficulties. To that end, Dean Cromer instituted monthly meetings of the full medical faculty and an executive committee of department heads to deal with policy issues. He recruited the school's first two full-time faculty members and began a full schedule of clinical bedside instruction. He raised academic standards by requiring competitive college grades and the MCAT for applicants and awarded medical students for academic achievement i.e., Buchanan key and Bailey cup trophy. The medical school also sponsored post-graduate courses for practicing physicians. In 1939, the General Assembly approved an annual appropriation of $125,000 for the school and $175,000 to lease the City Hospital which was renovated to accommodate 200 beds. Despite his progressive leadership, Dean Cromer, along with U of A President Fulbright, was fired in June 1941 by the newly elected Gov. Homer Adkins.