"Fruit medium size, nearly round, sometimes slightly conical; skin yellow covered with deep red, almost black on the sunny side; dots numerous, small, white; stem short to medium length in an acute, rather small, partly russeted, often lipped cavity; calyx closed; basin small, very shallow, slightly furrowed; flesh very firm (hard when picked), yellow, rather finegrained, crisp, moderately juicy, sprightly subacid. Ripe November to April. ", Calhoun, Creighton L. Old Southern Apples. Blacksburg, Va: McDonald & Woodward Pub. Co, 1995. Print.