These Hardy Apples for Cold Climates. Bear fruit in Either Cold or Warm Latitudes. "Fragrant blossoms fringe the apple boughs"- Welby. DUCHESS OF OLDENBURG- The best red fall; bears when young, and abundantly and when other sorts are a failure; very hardy; and succeed as well South as North. Season, September. WEALTHY- A profitable red winter; medium size and unexcelled quality; very hardy and a great bearer. Season Nov. to Jan. YELLOW TRANSPARENT- The best and the earliest summer apple; fruit pale yellow, good size and quality; bears very young, two-year trees in nursery rows producing fruit; very hardy and good cropper. Season August. Gives fruit from early summer to early winter.
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Duchess of Oldenburg: "Fruit medium or above, regular in shape, roundish oblate; skin smooth, waxen yellow, washed and streaked with red, almost completely red where fully exposed to the sun; stem short in an acute, broad, deep cavity; basin deep, broad, acute; flesh whitish, tender, crisp, juicy, rather acid. Ripe July—August in most of the South." Calhoun, Creighton L. Old Southern Apples. Blacksburg, Va: McDonald & Woodward Pub. Co., 1995. Print. Wealthy: "Fruit large, roundish oblate, conical; skin thin, greenish yellow to pale yellow nearly covered with pale dull red and striped with darker red; dots large, gray or yellow; stem short to medium length in a large, sometimes russeted cavity; calyx closed or half open; basin large, broad, slightly corrugated; flesh greenish white, juicy, tender, mild subacid. Ripe November—February in the North but July—August in North Carolina." Calhoun, Creighton L. Old Southern Apples. Blacksburg, Va: McDonald & Woodward Pub. Co, 1995. Print. Yellow Transparent: "Fruit medium but above medium to large on young trees or if properly thinned, roundish to roundish oblate, conical; skin smooth, transparent, clear white becoming pale yellow when ripe; dots white or greenish (Beach says russet), often submerged and obscure; stem short and slender (others say medium to long) in an acute, rather deep, usually greenish russeted cavity; calyx closed; basin narrow, rather shallow, corrugated; flesh white, tender, juicy, fine-grained, acid to sprightly subacid. Ripe June—July." Calhoun, Creighton L. Old Southern Apples. Blacksburg, Va: McDonald & Woodward Pub. Co., 1995. Print.